PORTUGAL’S ANTONIO GUTERRES SET TO BE UN SECRETARY GENERAL

Portugal’s former Prime Minister Antonio Guterres is poised to become the next UN secretary general.

Mr Guterres, 67, was the “clear favourite”, Russia’s UN ambassador Vitaly Churkin announced on Wednesday.

A formal vote is about now taking place in the UN Security Council  to confirm the choice of nominee.

Guterres, who led the UN refugee agency for 10 years, will take over from Ban Ki-moon early next year.

WHO IS HE?

An engineer by trade, Guterres first entered into politics in 1976 in Portugal’s first democratic election after the “Carnation revolution” that ended five decades of dictatorship.

He quickly rose in the ranks, becoming leader of the Socialist party in 1992 and was elected prime minister in 1995.

As head of the UNHCR refugee agency from 2005 to 2015, Guterres led the agency through some of the world’s worst refugee crises, including Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq.

During that time, he repeatedly appealed to Western states to do more to help refugees fleeing the conflicts.

Former Portuguese President Anibal Cavaco Silva said earlier this year that Guterres had “left a legacy” at the refugee agency “that means today he is a respected voice and all the world listens to him”, according to the AFP news agency.

REACTIONS

Russia’s ambassador and current head of the UN Security Council, Vitaly Churkin, said all the candidates had “a lot of wisdom, understanding and concern for the fate of the world,” but “we have a clear favourite, and his name is Antonio Guterres”.

There was some disappointment among campaigners who had hoped for a first female secretary general, or a candidate from Eastern Europe – which has never held the position.

Security Council members said the decision was uncontroversial, and Guterres was the clear winner. But the process was “remarkably” uncontroversial, said Samantha Power, the US representative to the UN.

“In the end, there was just a candidate whose experience, vision, and versatility across a range of areas proved compelling,” she said, adding that the process involved more scrutiny than ever before.

“People united around a person who impressed throughout the process.”

The UK’s Matthew Rycroft said  Guterres “will take the United Nations to the next level in terms of leadership” and be “a moral authority at a time when the world is divided on issues.”

OTHER CONTENDERS

Irina Bokova, Helen Clark and Kristalina Georgieva were among the seven unsuccessful female candidates.

The UN has never had a woman in the top job. Of the 13 candidates this year, seven were women, including:

Irina Bokova, 63 – Bulgarian politician and director general of Unesco.

Helen Clark, 66 – former prime minister of New Zealand (1999-2008) and current head of the UN development programme.

Natalia Gherman, 47 – Moldovan politician who was deputy prime minister and minister of European integration from 2013-2016.

Vesna Pusic, 62 – Leader of the liberal Croatian People’s Party. Served as a first deputy prime minister and minister of foreign and European affairs until January this year.

Kristalina Georgieva, 63, who was announced just days ago, current European Commissioner for budget and human resources.

In the end, the highest-placed woman, Irina Bokova, came fourth.

Serbian candidate Vuk Jeremic, a former president of the UN General Assembly, came second, followed by Slovakia’s Miroslav Lajcak.

HOW  APPOINTED?

The 15-member Security Council cast secret ballots for each of the 10 candidates on Wednesday and none were found to oppose Guterres.

They were asked to select from a choice of ‘encourage’, ‘discourage’ or ‘no opinion’ for each candidate, with the former Portuguese prime minister receiving 13 ‘encourage’ votes and two ‘no opinion’ votes.

He beat nine other candidates, including EU budget commissioner Kristalina Georgieva from Bulgaria, to become the next UN chief.

Some had pinned high hopes on a woman being elected UN secretary general for the first time
Guterres’ nomination came despite a concerted effort to appoint the UN’s first female secretary general.

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