A new type of animal-derived Henipavirus has been detected in China.
This is amid fresh steady increase in cases of Coronavirus pandemic globally and the new outbreak of monkeypox.
The new virus called Langya Henipavirus (LayV) has infected 35 people in eastern China’s Henan and Shandong provinces, according to official media reports.
According to a publication in the New England Journal of Medicine of 4 August, the new type of Henipavirus was identified in a throat swab sample from one patient using metagenomic analysis and subsequent virus isolation.
The subsequent investigation further identified 35 patients with acute LayV infection, among whom 26 were infected with LayV only.
After tracking the symptoms of the virus in the patients, researchers noted in the publication that all 26 patients presented with fever, closely followed by cough (50 per cent), fatigue (54 per cent), loss of appetite (50 per cent), muscle aches (46 per cent), and the tendency to vomit (38 per cent).
It further stated that among the 25 species of wild small animals surveyed, LayV RNA was predominantly detected in shrews, suggesting that the shrew may be a natural reservoir of LayV.
It added that while there was no close contact or common exposure history among the patients, the infection in the human population may be sporadic.