On Wednesday, Experts in Nairobi said the growth of the fisheries industry in Africa is in jeopardy amid subsidies from rich economies that have encouraged unfair competition and exploitation of the resource that harms the marine ecosystem in the continent.
A Nigerian scholar and professor of Ocean and Fisheries at the University of British Columbia in Canada Rashid Sumaila, said that the multilateral trading regime should abolish subsidies that are a threat to artisanal fishing in Africa.
“There is a need for rich nations to end subsidies in the fisheries sector that have often worked against Africa’s coastal communities that depend on fish as a primary source of food and income,” said Sumaila.
Two decades ago, the World Trade Organization (WTO) commenced fisheries subsidies ago to ensure that the interests of artisanal fishermen are factored in.
He advocated for African countries to have a bigger say on negotiations for fisheries subsidies and also noted that subsidizing industrial fishing threatens the livelihoods of Africa’s coastal communities already reeling from negative impacts of climate change, poverty and marine pollution.
Regulated fishing combined with the development of clean water, power, sanitation, and roads as opposed to subsidies is key to transform the livelihoods of Africa’s coastal communities, said Beatrice Gorez, coordinator and spokesperson of the Coalition for Fair Fisheries Arrangement.
Sumaila has called for pan African collaboration to protect the indigenous fisheries sector, combat illegal fishing and strengthen conservation of marine ecosystems in order to achieve food security and enhance climate resilience.