The European Union announced on Tuesday that it was lifting the sanctions against three Burundians, including the new prime minister, that had been imposed over their role in the country’s bloody 2015 political crisis.
The move is the latest sign of warming relations between Burundi and the West under President Evariste Ndayishimiye despite continued concerns about rights abuses.
“Today, the EU is lifting individual sanctions against three people, including the prime minister (Gervais Ndirakobuca),” the EU mission in Burundi was announced on Twitter.
“The EU will continue to support development efforts and reforms being undertaken by Burundi.”
Ndirakobuca, a former rebel commander who has also served as head of the feared intelligence service and as security minister, was appointed prime minister by Ndayishimiye in early September.
The 2015 crisis erupted when former President Pierre Nkurunziza made a controversial bid for a third term, sparking protests.
Ndirakobuca at the time was among officials accused by Brussels and Washington of stoking violence against regime opponents.
He was sanctioned by both the EU and the United States as well as several other European countries, with Brussels accusing him of “acts of violence, acts of repression and violations of international human rights law against protesters.”
The unrest led to the deaths of 1,200 people and sent 400,000 others fleeing the country, with reports of arbitrary arrests, torture, killings and enforced disappearances — and turned Burundi into an international pariah.
Ndayishimiye took power in June 2020 after his predecessor Pierre Nkurunziza died of what the Burundian authorities said was heart failure although there was widespread speculation, he had succumbed to Covid.
In February, both Brussels and Washington resumed aid flows to the landlocked nation after easing the 2015 sanctions, citing political progress under Ndayishimiye.