Kenya’s black rhinos, sable antelope and three other species are critically endangered, while nine more species including lions, elephants and cheetahs are endangered from an expanding human population, the government said.
The government defined as critically endangered those species that could go extinct without immediate measures being taken, while species on the endangered list may survive longer without intervention.
Human activities such as farming and construction of roads and railways have affected the distribution of animals in some areas, the government said in its report from a three-month survey of its wildlife released on Tuesday.
“Livestock incursions, logging, charcoal burning, settlements and fires were observed in conservation areas,” the government said in the report.
According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, tourism, majorly from visits to nature parks accounted for 8.2% of Kenya’s GDP in 2019, but that has fallen drastically during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Najib Balala, the minister for tourism in the report said the shrinking space for wildlife due to human encroachment “will require more attention if we are to avert the danger of secluding wildlife in pockets of protected areas.”