U.N. in its first ever fact-finding mission report led by Mohamed Auajjar said that the investigations on Libya’s human rights indicated that several parties to conflicts in the unstable country violated international humanitarian law and potentially committed war crimes.
The UN investigators reviewed hundreds of documents and interviewed over 150 people in Libya, Tunisia and Italy.
The report specifically accused mercenaries from Wagner, a Russian security firm, of having shot prisoners in September 2019.
It also said the firms planted land mines mostly made in Russia near civilian buildings that killed and maimed civilians returning to their homes since June 2020.
Libya has been in turmoil for a decade, with the last several years seeing war between forces backing rival governments based in the east and west, supported by regional powers, foreign fighters and mercenaries.
The eastern forces were backed by Russia, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, while Turkey backed the government in the west.
The suspected perpetrator of one of the worst abuses was identified by the U.N. investigators as Mohammed al-Kani, a commander killed in July during a raid by the eastern-based Libyan National Army. Neither the LNA nor police in Benghazi had previously confirmed the killing of Kani.
“The scale of the atrocities in Tarhouna demand far more focused attention including forensic investigations,” panel expert Tracy Robinson told reporters.
The report added that they have drawn up a confidential list of suspects.