Tear gas and stun grenades were used by Sudanese security forces on Sunday to try and break up demonstrations by hundreds of thousands of people in the capital Khartoum over the October 25 coup.
Demonstrations were also planned in other cities across the country, including Port Sudan on the Red Sea coast and El-Deain in the western region of Darfur.
Demonstrators on Sunday marched towards the presidential palace, marking the third anniversary of protests that touched off a popular uprising which led to the overthrow of long-ruling Islamist autocrat Omar al-Bashir.
They gathered less than a kilometre (0.6 mile) from the palace, chanting “the people are stronger and retreat is impossible”. Some demonstrators ran into side streets to shield from the tear gas.
Some were carrying Sudanese flags and photos of protesters who were killed in demonstrations in the last few months. Others were handing out COVID-19 masks and carrying stretchers in anticipation of people being wounded.
Sunday’s demonstrations were the ninth in a series of demonstrations against the coup even after the military reinstated Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, who had been under house arrest, on November 21 and released him and other high-profile political detainees.
The demonstrators are demanding no military involvement at all in government. Protesters see Hamdok as a symbol of resistance to military rule and denounced his deal with the military as a betrayal.
The military and civilian political parties had previously shared power since Bashir’s removal.
Civilian parties, and neighbourhood resistance committees demand full civilian rule under the slogan “no negotiation, no partnership, no legitimacy.”
Prime Minister Hamdok on Saturday night, warned in a statement that Sudan’s revolution faced a major setback and that political intransigence from all sides threatened the country’s unity and stability.
45 people have been killed in crackdowns on protesters since the coup, said the Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors.